Twice rescued

Фотография до реставрации Фотография после реставрации

«Zeus from Dodona»

  • Greece, 3rd quarter of the 4th c. BC.
  • Inv. Abr 572
  • Bronze
  • H. 29,2 cm.
  • Conservator: M. Tulubensky 2004; 2018

Among the famous oracles of Greece, one of the oldest was the sanctuary in Dodon, located in the region of Epirus in the northwest Balkans. Originally the goddess of this area was the mother goddess of fertility, later known as Diona, but already in Mycenaean time (the second half of the 2nd millennium BC) the Greek cult of Zeus was established here, which existed almost until the end of the classical era. At the end of the IV century BC the sacred oak, a form in which Zeus and his goddess wife were revered, was cut down and the sanctuary ceased to exist.

In the last quarter of the 19th century, a statue was found during excavations in Dodon, presumably depicting Zeus. His youthful slender figure was put in the classical pose of a standing athlete. It is filled with harmony and tranquillity, while at the same time being distinguished by the virtuoso precision of its anatomy, combined with an unusually complex and subtle nuance of details. The regal image of God appears here more sublime and poetically inspired than formidable and majestic. The statue of "Zeus of Dodon" undoubtedly belongs to the best works of Greek bronze sculpture that have survived to this day. It is believed to be part of the influence of one of the last great sculptors of Greece - Lysippos, who worked in the second half of the 4th century BC.

Conservation

In 2004, the monument was cleared of the surface buildup. Later, the foot of the right leg was found, in 2018, during the conservation treatments the fragment was attached to the statue.